Qualità della chirurgia

Qualità della chirurgia

Qualità della chirurgia endometriosiisterectomia   Quality of surgery is variable In Belgium we are having a discussion on quality of surgery and cost for the patient. At the University hospital gasthuisberg, patients were informed that for private patiens the Professor would do the intervention himself; otherwise it would be done by a registrar in training. This has been widely considered unethical and socially unacceptable since equal quality for everybody is a dogma of Belgian medicine.  In a press release, the conclusion was that quality was the same for everybody since the registrars in training  were well supervised and since all gynecologist or surgeon are considered equal because of their diploma. Unfortunateoly this is  not true and the quality of diagnosis and of treatment can be very variable.  This is easy to illustrate for surgery and the examples given are restricted to comments made before during presentations or in publications. Quality is variable “We only recognize what we know ”. This is well known for the diagnosis of endometriosis. Even large and vaginally visible nodules are often missed during clinical exam. Even during surgery many severe deep endometriosis nodules of the sigmoid will be missed. ‘The best technique is the one the surgeon is familiar with  ”, is often heard at meetings . This is unacceptable.  If the superiority of a technique has been demonstrated, the surgeon should be obliged to use it.  The advantages of a laparoscopic treatment of an extra-uterine pregnancy in comparison with a laparotomy are well demonstrated. Yet so many women are still treated by laparotomy because the gynecologist on duty does not have the skills.“Do...
Guidelines da chirurgi : diagnosi e trattamento dell’endometriosi profonda

Guidelines da chirurgi : diagnosi e trattamento dell’endometriosi profonda

Endometriosi profonda Guidelines da chirurgi Diagnosis of deep endometriosis The final diagnosis of a deep endometriosis nodule -defined as adenomyosis externa- is made during surgery. Confirmation by pathology is close to 100%. After previous surgery, however , it can be difficult to distinguish deep endometriosis from fibrosis. Deep endometriosis should be suspected in all women with severe menstrual pain, especially severe dyschesia, mictalgia , deep dyspareunea and pain with perineal radiation. The diagnostic accuracy of exams varies with the size and the localisation of the deep endometriosis nodule. Clinical exam will obviously diagnose 100% of vaginally visible nodules if the clinician has experience. Otherwise, clinical exam will diagnose only 50% (1) to 90% of recto-vaginal nodules . A clinical exam cannot exclude a deep endometriosis nodule. Although CA125 has a specificity and sensitivity of 90% when assayed during the first days after menstruation, it was not considered a useful clinical tool for the diagnosis of deep endometriosis (1). Ultrasound is reported to have a sensitivity and specificity of 90 to over 95% for recto-vaginal and recto-sigmoid nodules. Accuracy moreover is operator dependent. Although the accuracy for small nodules is not known the accuracy obviously is less. A negative ultrasound exam therefore cannot exclude a small and/or a high situated or sigmoid nodule. MRI has a similar sensitivity and specificity as ultrasound and is less operator dependent. Since the accuracy for small nodules and the lower detection limit has not been established a negative exam cannot exclude a deep endometriosis nodule. Approved by Surgeons. Stephan Gordts, Life Expert Centre, Leuven, Belgium, Errico Zupi Prof Univ Tor vergate, Rome Italy, Anastasia...

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